Kaolin is the primary material from which porcelain is made, even though clay minerals might account for only a small proportion of the whole.
North Carolina has had a pottery industry since colonial times.
Burlon Craig, perhaps the best known of the Southern Folk potters, passed away in 2002. This is where a potter used a piece of wire, crossed over itself, drawn tight, to cut the pottery off the potter's wheel. Strange green glaze on the exterior, no glaze on the interior.
Steve Abee, Charles Lisk, Kim Ellington, Albert Hodge, Joe Reinhardt, Michelle Flowers, Ben Allman, Walter Fleming, Ray Hicks, Richard Kale, Bolick Pottery, and many others all have potteries in the area. The picture above shows an assortment of NC pottery, the jug in the middle front is a traditional whiskey jug, probably dating to the late 1800s, the blue and tan pitcher is a Hilton blue edge piece, the small swirl jug and large snake face jug are by Burlon Craig, and the large Tobacco Spit jar in the back is by an unknown Catawba Valley Potter. Kale storage jar, Bandy Crossroad, Catawba County North Carolina. In my years of selling pottery, this is the first piece I have seen that was from this potter. Very unusual six gallon Catawba Valley storage jar. I think there are more letters, but they are hard to make out.
NOTE: it is not known what the 'Established 1686' refers to, the business of James Kent was started in 1897 (seee the backstamp further down the page).
There may have been a previous, unrelated pottery works on the same site.
The majority of the Catawba Valley potters are concentrated along Highway 10, Southwest of Hickory, between Newton and Vale. Notice the rings on the bottom, gradually getting smaller as it gets near the top right of the bottom.
The results are one-of-a-kind items treasured for generations.
Delftware can be either blue or white or polychrome (multi-colored).
Petrus Regout founded a glass and crystal works company in Maastricht, Holland in 1834. Since 1974 Maastricht has been part of the British company Reed International. It seems likely that any item marked "Made in Japan" was probably made or imported after 1921. In 1845 James Meakin worked at Newtown Works, Uttoxeter Road, Longton.
1836 - 1870 - Petrus Regout made dinnerware in the style of English Ironstone decorated with primarily single color (blue, black, violet or red) transfer printed patterns with scenic and romantic themes. In 1874 another son, Alfred, founded Alfred Meakin at Tunstall.
The patterns for export to England and America were stamped in English and included: "Amasone", "Mythology", "Pleasure Party", "Ruth & Boaz","Wild Rose" and "Willow". Regout at the top Maastricht at the bottom and a number in the center. 1878 - Regout died and his sons reorganized the company and adopted the Sphinx trademark and backstamp. The company appears to have been the amalgamation of three separate factories (Royal, Victoria and Highgate Potteries).